Intellectual property

What is intellectual property (IP)?

IP is a creation of the mind (or several collaborating minds) that is novel (new), useful and protectable. IP is an asset: it has value, belongs to an owner and can be used or traded.

How is IP created at ayx爱游戏app登录入口?

IP may be created through:

  • 学术研究
  • 商业研究(大学-行业合作解决行业问题), or
  • commercialisation (turning discoveries, inventions and innovations into marketable products and services, in the process of which further refinement, invention and innovation can occur).

Who owns IP created at ayx爱游戏app登录入口?

When ayx爱游戏app登录入口 employees create IP, ayx爱游戏app登录入口 asserts at least partial ownership of the IP, in common with most universities and other R&D organisations worldwide. This means that legal rights relating to the IP reside with ayx爱游戏app登录入口, including the right to transfer (assign or sell) ownership. 学生和访客拥有他们在ayx爱游戏app登录入口创建的IP,但有时他们可能被要求将其分配给ayx爱游戏app登录入口.

ayx爱游戏app登录入口主张知识产权所有权,以便将知识产权作为潜在有价值的资产提供有效的初始管理. ayx爱游戏app登录入口以后可能会将IP所有权分配给它的创造者,尽管这很少是实际的. 当外部组织与ayx爱游戏app登录入口合作创建知识产权时,该知识产权可能是共同拥有的.

The Innovation and Commercial 研究 (ICR) unit identifies and manages ayx爱游戏app登录入口’s IP, whether it is developed within the university, or jointly with industry 合作伙伴.

What is ayx爱游戏app登录入口’s position on IP?

ayx爱游戏app登录入口’s IP policy is business friendly. While maintaining ayx爱游戏app登录入口 researchers’ ability to continue work in their fields, ayx爱游戏app登录入口 seeks to diversify research income, discover new applications for research outcomes, understand industry needs to drive future research, and increase industry networks and engagement to benefit researchers and students.

Why is good IP management important?

良好的IP管理

  • upholds researchers’ ability to publish their work
  • enables the greatest public benefit from the IP
  • fosters productive university-industry engagement, and
  • reduces the risks of commercialisation.

通过与ICR部门合作,ayx爱游戏app登录入口的研究人员可以取得成功和干净的知识产权成果.

Whats the IP management process?

ayx爱游戏app登录入口知识产权(IP)管理流程的典型步骤按理想顺序描述如下:

IP标识: To ensure that appropriate IP protection can be achieved, 研究人员应联系创新和商业研究(ICR)部门,一旦他们认为他们的R&D已创建IP. 或者,ICR部门可以通过接触研究人员来启动IP识别. .

知识产权的定义: ICR部门协助创造潜在IP的研究人员定义其核心概念和可感知的用途. This allows a search of the prior art, 哪些是之前在世界任何地方披露的工作,挑战了潜在IP的新颖性. If novelty and usefulness appear likely, then IP probably exists.

Preliminary IP evaluation: Based on the perceived uses of the IP, 潜在市场, and the potential for IP protection to deter competitors, ICR部门和知识产权创造者评估知识产权的市场准备程度和商业价值.

Basic IP commercialisation plan: If the IP is deemed commercially viable and commercialisation ready (no further R&D是必要的。, ICR部门将领导制定商业化计划,概述最佳的市场路径, 包括知识产权保护战略,并通过进一步研究完善初步评估. 该计划将支持与潜在合作伙伴、合作者和资助者的讨论.

Application for IP protection: 专利申请是昂贵的,并且会引发进一步行动和费用的截止日期, so if the IP warrants patenting, ICR部门的政策是不早于程序的这一步提交临时专利申请. Before the application is submitted, 研究人员通常需要确认该知识产权的合法权利属于ayx爱游戏app登录入口, in a standard assignment document.

IP licensing or sale: Depending on the commercialisation plan, ICR部门将尝试通过协商合同的方式将知识产权许可或出售给合适的企业. The business may be an established one, or a start-up or a spin-off company.

Post contract execution: After contract execution, 研究人员可以选择停止ayx爱游戏app登录入口知识产权的商业化, or continue to participate in various ways. Some researchers collaborate in ongoing R&D改善IP或开发相关IP,在这种情况下,他们通常仍然是ayx爱游戏app登录入口的员工. 在某些情况下, ayx爱游戏app登录入口可允许将研究人员借调到商业化合作伙伴,为期约三年. Shorter secondments are unlikely to be effective.

如何保护知识产权?

To limit copying of IP by competitors, three types of protection are possible:

  • 秘密(.k.a. 商业秘密)
  • 法律注册(专利、商标、注册外观设计、植物育种权等)
  • automatic protection (copyright, circuit layouts)

Learn more about IP protection from IP澳大利亚 
创新与商业研究(ICR)部门协助研究人员为其知识产权制定最佳保护策略.

When should IP be kept secret and when can it be published?

最初, IP must be kept secret and not disclosed publicly; otherwise it is not protectable, detracting from its commercial viability. 作为一个例外,当自动保护的形式之一适用时,保密是无关紧要的.

ayx爱游戏app登录入口 encourages its researchers to publish IP at the right time. 研究人员披露知识产权的时机至关重要:只有在知识产权公开披露之前提出知识产权保护申请,才允许合法注册的保护形式. 这就是为什么研究人员应该联系ICR部门,一旦他们认为他们的活动已经创造了IP.

不合时宜的知识产权披露排除了通过合法注册保护知识产权的可能性,包括:

  • any public verbal discussion
  • 杂志出版
  • conference presentations or posters
  • articles posted on the internet, social media or the ayx爱游戏app登录入口 intranet,
  • any commercial sale of a product or service based on the IP,
  • (通常)提交给期刊或会议组织者的论文草稿或摘要,以及
  • (sometimes) descriptions included in funding applications.

这个时间问题不适用于自动保护(版权和电路布局)的情况,因为, unlike legal registrations, these forms of protection do not require formal applications or registrations. 然而, 通过自动保护赋予知识产权所有者的合法权利不像专利等合法注册那样强大.

Confidentiality agreements
保密协议(也称为非披露协议或nda)有助于在有必要将全部或部分知识产权泄露给选定的个人或组织(如R&D合作者,R&D funders and potential commercial 合作伙伴. 这些协议并不构成知识产权的公开披露,因为这些秘密仍然包含在普通法中并受其控制. Without such agreements, no legal rights accompany secret IP. The ICR unit assists researchers and students to create and use NDAs.

How do I find the right form of IP protection?

The ICR unit will help IP creators determine the best IP protection 策略, based on the IP evaluation and commercialisation plan, 并协助研究人员和学生管理早期保护问题,如临时专利申请, and the nature and timing of any IP disclosures.

专利通常能提供最有效的保护,但价格昂贵且难以获得. 当理所当然, 专利使知识产权所有者在特定国家或地区拥有20年或25年的知识产权商业利用垄断权. In return for the monopoly, in the patent application, 知识产权所有人必须披露知识产权的精确技术细节,并充分描述知识产权的最佳应用和实现方法.

了解更多关于知识产权保护和商业化的信息,请访问澳大利亚知识产权组织或世界知识产权组织.


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